1 Samuel 13:14 (NIV) – But now your kingdom will not endure; the Lord has sought out a man after His own heart and appointed him leader of his people, because you have not kept the Lord’s command.

1 Samuel 16:13 (NLT) – So as David stood there among his brothers, Samuel took the flask of olive oil he had brought and anointed David with the oil.  And the Spirit of the Lord came powerfully upon David from that day on.

Hebrew word for “anoint” in 1 Samuel 16:13 is “mashach” – to rub with oil, to consecrate, (STRONG’S says “to draw the hand over anything / something”)

Greek word for appoint is “chrio” – to consecrate, furnishing someone with the necessary powers for administration of an office / role (the context of this verb is through contact, “to touch with the hand”)

1 Samuel 10:6 (NIV) – The Spirit of the Lord will come upon you in power, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person.  Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you.

Acts 13:22 (NLT) – But God removed Saul and replaced him with David, a man about whom God said, “I have found David son of Jesse, a man after my own heart.  He will do everything I want him to do.”

The purpose of anointing is to pass on the presence and touch of God to his people

Hebrew word for appoint in 1 Samuel 13:14 is “tsavah” – to lay charge upon, give command to, to commission

John 16:8-11 (NLT) – “And when he comes, he will convict the world of its sin, and of God’s righteousness, and of the coming judgement.  The world’s sin is that it refuses to believe in me.  Righteousness is available because I go to the Father, and you will see me no more.  Judgement will come because the ruler of this world has already been judged.”

Luke 4:18 (NLT) – “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, for he has anointed me to bring Good News to the poor.  He has sent me to proclaim that captives be released, that the blind will see, that the oppressed will be set free, and that the time of the Lord’s favor has come.”